Scott CSA #6 pair rouletted. When the Civil War began, the South had little industrial ability; thus, the stamps they issued were not perforated. Several Confederate postmasters rouletted their stamp to separate them from the sheet – including Oxford.
Six cent rate to carry this cover less than one mile by a ferry up Chowan River. The addressee, James Johnston, maintained 7,834 acres of farm land in 1860. At the time this letter was written, the Hayes Plantation was 1,374 acres.
RFD – Rural Free Delivery began in North Carolina at China Grove in 1899. To the surprise of many today, the postal customers did not want mail delivered to their homes. They preferred to visit the post office. The RFD postmark on this cover was applied by the rural carrier of Biltmore.
When the Civil War began, stamps were unavailable. A few postmasters printed their own stamps. The postmaster of Lenoir’s son carved this stamp in pear wood and printed 500 copies. Today 27 examples are known.
37 ½ cent rate – Handstamp showing a triple-rate letter for a distance of 80 to 150 miles. No other North Carolina city used fractional handstamps.